External Links to Accessibility Sites
A list of recommended books on accessibility is available below.
Types of External Links
- Making Online Teaching Accessible: Inclusive Course Design for Students with Disabilities by Norm Coombs (2010)—This is a short book aimed for instructors. It covers policy, Word, PowerPoint, math and multimedia basics. No HTML needed.
- Web Accessibility: Web Standards and Regulatory Compliance by Jim Thatcher et al (2006)—This is a comprehensive book for Web developers and covers policy, WCAG 2.0 and includes code samples for a variety of commonly encountered accessibility issues.
- Library Services for Persons with Disabilities—Includes a wide range of assistive technology options
- Assistive Technology in Student Computing Labs
- Boucke 115—This facility is only available to students who are registered with the Office of Disability Services.
In-depth accessibility tutorials aimed for Web masters
- Jim Thatcher Accessibility— Excellent examples of issues and solutions
- WebAIM—Tutorials and demos on all aspects off accessibility
- Jim Thatcher Com
- Accessify Com— Focuses on more advanced issues such as forms and pop-up windows
- A List Apart Accessibility Topics—Tests the latest proposed techniques
Sites which provide demos of screen readers, text zoomers and other accessibility hardware and software.
- WebAim Simulations
- University of Wisconsin User Videos—Videos in which real users explain how they use their tools
- W3C: How People with Disabilities Use the Web—Narratives of issues faced by people with different disabilities.
Aimed for instructors and Web masters.
- University of Minnesota
- University of Wisconsin Accessibility
- University of North Carolina: Accessible Electronic Content
- University of Washington Access IT—Articles on specialized topics
- University of Maryland Universal Usability in Practice—Also covers age and cultural differences
Comprehensive recommendations developed by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium). They are divided into three priority levels ranked from most crucial (AA) to least crucial (AAA). Penn State Policy A.D. 69 mandates A and AA compliance.
Section 508 is still the official standard for sites built by the U.S. federal government. Although most Section 508 and WCAG 2.0 guidelines, there are are some minor differences in what Section 508 requires. Note also that the first section of the guidelines applies mainly to the development of custom software applications for the federal government, not necessarily to Web sites.
If you are working with agencies or organizations outside the U.S., this information may be useful.
- W3C Policy Links Page
- WebAim Policy Links Page
- ICDRI Global Legal and Policy Resources
- Canada (Treasury Board of Canada)—A concentration of W.C.A.G. and other recommendations different from Section 508
- Centre for Excellence in Universal Design (Ireland): 7 Principles of Universal Design—Based on W.C.A.G. Priority 1
Verifications should be used as only one of several accessibility tests. See the Suggested Testing Protocol for suggested guidelines on screen reader tests, color tests and zooming tests.
- FAE (Functional Accessibility Evaluator, U of Illinois)
- A Checker
- WAVE (WebAim)—Graphical reports shows layout of accessibility tags. Can be installed into a browser toolbar.
- See also WebAim Evaluation & Repair Tools List for a more detailed list.
These plug ins and tools allow you to easily view sites without images or stylesheets.
- Accessibility Evaluation Toolbar
- Jim Thatcher Favelets (includes ARIA testing)
- WAVE Firefox Plugin
- Juicy Studios - Includes color contrast
- Web Developer
Note: This allows you to disable images, CSS and can enhance accessibility testin
JAWS is one of the most commonly used screen reader programs. It not only reads Web sites, but reads all text within the Windows system (application menus, document text, help screens, and so forth).
- JAWS (from Freedom Scientific)
- NVDA (Non-Visual Desktop Access)
- VoiceOver (from Apple)
- Emacs for Linux—Supports Aural stylesheets. Author is a visually disabled programmer.
See Also: Tools Demos
Lynx is an open source application much as in the Linux model. There are lots of sources for downloading Lynx, but some "installs" require more effor to set up than others.
Delorie Lynx Emulator
A Web service which simulates Lynx
This is one of the easier versions to install.
Macintosh OSX–GNU O.S.X Archives
Once installed, you must go to Applications > > Utilities > > Terminal, then type "/usr/bin/local/lynx" (note all the slashes) to open Lynx.
Other Lynx Installs – Lynx Open Source Project
- Wickline Color Filter—Lets you toggle between different forms of color blindness once you designate a Web address.
- Visicheck Color Blindness Tester—Allows you to test images and live Web pages for red-green and blue yellow color deficiencies.
- Pixy Color Wheel & Color Blindness Checker—Generates basic color schemes and shows them in different color blindness filters below color blocks
- Color Vision (Cal Henderson)—Test color schemes with almost all forms of color blindness
- Hans Brettel—Examples only
- Lighthouse Org Color Contrast—General tips on how to combine colors.
- University of Minnesota Duluth Color Links—Includes a variety of color blindness resources.
- Joe Clark—A very accessible description of the different types of color blindness.
- Colors for the Color Blind—An informative yet wry look at color blindness from an actual "user". Includes links to utilities for the color blind.
- WebAIM Color Blindness
- Visibone—Scroll down for color blindness information
- MAGPIE (WGBH)—freeware for Quicktime. Beta Flash captioning version available.
- C.Caption and MacCaption—commercial product for RealPlayer and Quicktime
- Macaw—Macintosh freeware for Quicktime
- WebAIM Captioning Tutorials
- Joe Clark Best Practives in Online Captioning
- See also the Multimedia Section for specific tools
Mobility Impairment Links
- WebAim Mobility Impairments
- ATRC Technical Glossary of Adaptive Technologies
- Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows—From Microsoft
- A.C.E. Centre North (See "Downloads" Section)
Cognitive Disability Links
- Aware.Org—Points out that graphics can facilitate comprehension for many audiences.
- WebAim Visual versus Cognitive Disabilities
- WebAIM: Acrobat X Tutorial
- Adobe Acrobat Accessibility Training Resources
- Adobe: Preparing InDesign Files for Accessibility
- University of Wisconsin: Making PDF Files Accessible
- A List Apart: Facts and Opinions About PDF Accessibility
- NC State: Accessible PDF Forms
- Planet PDF: Accessible PDF
- Adobe Flash: Accessibility Best Practices
- Adobe Flash CS 5.5 Accessibility
- WebAIM: Creating Accessible Flash Content
- V.A. Accessible Flash Course
- I.T.S. Web Developer Resources
- Web Reference—Understanding the Visual Box Model
- Web Reference—Making Headlines with Style Sheets
- HTML Goodies: Stylesheet Tutorial
- Web Site Tips—Stylesheets
This Section: Pop-Up Windows